The term cannabis is often used to refer to a group of three plants with psychoactive properties.
They include Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis is widely known for its medicinal properties. As a result, more people are turning to cultivate it at home.
Our experts have taken the time to extensively research cannabis seeds to provide you with the best ways to cultivate them effectively.
If you are thinking of going into the world of cannabis cultivation, you must have good knowledge of cannabis seeds.
It is also critical you familiarize yourself with the local cultivation laws that apply to your state.
Before delving into all the information you need to know on cannabis seeds, we must distinguish between cannabis seeds and hemp seeds.
The hemp and cannabis industry has continued to make giant strides in recent years. From a scientific standpoint, cannabis and hemp are the same plants.
However, according to the law, they fall under different classifications with separate laws and regulations surrounding them.
The major distinction between cannabis seed and hemp seed is the number of cannabinoids found. According to the 2018 Farm Bill, any Cannabis sativa plant with less than 0.3 % THC content level is considered hemp.
Cannabis seeds and hemp seeds appear the same in look and texture despite having different properties and functions. While hemp seeds can be grown in any climate with minimal care, cannabis seeds need to be grown in a controlled atmosphere.
The growth cycles of both seeds are also different. For cannabis seeds, the growth cycle is 60-90 days only, while for hemp seeds, it is about 108 to 120 days.
One other main difference between cannabis seeds and hemp seeds is the cost. Cannabis seeds are much more expensive than hemp seeds.
Although the legalization of hemp and the rising popularity of CBD has increased the value of hemp seeds, they still cost less than cannabis seeds.
Good quality cannabis seeds are essential for producing the best quality cannabis products. Similarly, hemp seeds are very nutritious and are found on the shelves of grocery and alternative health clinic stores across the globe.
Cannabis seeds can be said to be in their embryonic stage. Cannabis seeds get produced when a male plant pollinates a female flower, or one plant self pollinates. Let us take a much more detailed look at cannabis seeds.
Regular cannabis seeds may produce male, female or hermaphrodite plants. Regular cannabis seeds present the cheapest and easiest way to grow cannabis. They are very easy to find and produce regular cannabis seeds.
Feminized cannabis seeds would only produce female plants. You can produce feminized cannabis seeds by triggering the hermaphrodite condition in a female plant.
However, they are quite costly and require much more resources to achieve.
Photoperiod cannabis seeds are likely to produce either male or female plants. Cannabis plants typically flower and produce buds when the days are shorter. Growers can do the same during indoor cultivation by shortening the light duration to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness.
Autoflowering cannabis seeds produce female plants that do not require photoperiod conditions to achieve flowering.
Therefore, they are the ideal cannabis seeds for beginner growers as fewer resources are needed for their cultivation.
The first step to growing cannabis is germinating your seeds. It would help if you established that your cannabis seeds were viable before starting the process. Viable Cannabis seed is usually brown with some stripes.
It is also hard to touch and has a dry texture. Non-viable Cannabis seeds are mostly white or light green in appearance.
Therefore, they are not likely to produce a healthy plant if cultivated. You may choose to plant your seeds indoors or outdoors.
However, we recommend you plant indoors as it holds a higher chance of seed survival. The most common method for germinating cannabis seeds is the paper towel method.
The process involves putting the seed on a paper towel inside a plastic container or between two plates. The container should remain dark, warm, and humid at all times.
You would need to open the container every few hours and spray it with water. It would be best not to allow the towel to dry up; otherwise, your seed would fail to germinate.
Once the seed opens up and reveals tap root, you can now move it to a small cup or plugs containing soil.
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